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Medical Science

What is marijuana?

Marijuana refers to the small dried flowers and leaves of the female cannabis plant next to the flower. The “resin” of the plant is found on the glandular hairs of these flowers. High concentrations of THC, CBD and other cannabinoids can also be found here. Depending on the quality, growing method, origin and degree of drying, it is green to brownish, often white or slightly purple.
The name “marijuana” comes from the Mexican language in which the flowers were called “marijuana” or “Maria Juana”. In this way, US consumers have abstracted from the name “Mary Jane”.
Because of its intoxicating effect, marijuana is banned in many countries. As a result, it is a criminal offense to own or trade marijuana. In return, use is not a criminal offense, but requires possession of the drug.

Marijuana versus cannabis, hashish, hemp and CBD.

Although cannabis is actually the Latin name for hemp, the term cannabis is also widely used for hemp plants and plant products that contain THC.
Marijuana refers to the flowers of the hemp, and hash is the harvested and pressed “resin” of the hemp. Hashish can be obtained from flowers, but can also be obtained from resin coated leaves. The color ranges from light gray-brown to matte black, depending on the production method and quality.
Hence, hemp is the main plant from which marijuana or hashish is produced. This is where the difference between female and male cannabis is fundamental. Both plants contain the cannabinoids CBD and THC. However, only THC, most of which is found in female cannabis plants, has an intoxicating and psychoactive effect. This, in turn, is called cannabis.
CBD, found in the male hemp plant, is not illegal. Accordingly, it can be bought in pharmacies or online, that is, in various over-the-counter products. CBD oils are popular these days because they are said to have relaxing effects, like valerian. Cannabis seeds also have superfood status as they have a high nutritional value.

What effect does marijuana have?

THC binds to specific receptors in the human body. These include receptors for movement, memory, time, and sensory perception. These receptors are also responsible for mood, concentration, coordination, and appetite. The totality of changes that can occur from using marijuana is called “high”. The consequences of this are varied and can be both positive and negative. The duration of action is 1-4 hours when smoking marijuana. When taken orally, the duration of action can be 4 to 10 hours.
The maximum that arises from the use of marijuana is individual and depends on the external circumstances and the tolerance of each person. In addition, the effects and duration of action depend on dosage, frequency of use, intake (i.e. person) and setting (environment). This is already known from legal narcotic alcohol, which does not always have the same or predictable effect.
Some people tolerate marijuana well and experience the following benefits:

  1. Lightness, relaxation, improvement of well-being.
  2. Hypersensitivity.
  3. Enhanced perception of details.
  4. Euphoria.
  5. Empathy
  6. Intensive community experience.
  7. New ideas and thinking patterns.

Others react negatively to marijuana use, which can manifest in the following effects:

1) Sleepiness.
2) Strong heartbeat.
3) Dizziness or even poor circulation.
4) Increased appetite.
5) Nausea.
6) Coordination and movement limitations.
7) “Confusion” in the head and inability to think clearly.
8) Panic and anxiety to paranoia.
9) Hallucinations.
10) Gaps in memory.
11) Feelings of isolation and loneliness.
Accordingly, as with alcohol, for example, there is intolerance. Alcohol makes some people aggressive, others sentimental, and still others relax. It’s the same with marijuana.

How is marijuana used?

In order to use marijuana, the resinous flowers are usually dried and rolled with the tobacco. The joint is then smoked, and the marijuana and THC it contains are absorbed through the lining of the lungs. Besides smoking, you can also use marijuana through a “bong” – a hookah without a hose. Consumers rarely use oriental hookahs in which the smoke is cooled with water.
The use of marijuana in food is less common. However, marijuana can be prepared according to different “cooking recipes”. There are recipes for herbal teas, jams, cookies, sweets and cakes. The latter are called “space cakes”. Similarly, you can mix marijuana with chocolate, which means that it is ingested, which means that the active ingredients are absorbed through the intestinal lining.
However, when taken orally, there is a widespread risk of overdose, with consequences such as headache, vomiting, or anxiety. Because marijuana is more difficult to estimate when preparing and taking a dose than when consumed through smoking. The effect is also delayed, and the intensity of intoxication can no longer be stopped.

What side effects can you experience?

Direct side effects after consumption are increased pulse and heart rate. Red eyes and dry mouth or throat may also occur. In addition, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting are more likely with the first use than with the next.
The acute effect of marijuana is also a decrease in mental performance, which especially affects attention, concentration and memory. When the dose is increased, other side effects may occur, such as circulatory problems, extremely intense feelings, and mild hallucinations.
In some cases, a higher dose can also lead to phases of depression or paranoia. This means that people suddenly become suspicious of other people or feel that someone is watching or watching them. In the worst case, after intoxication, there is still some distrust, which after a while completely disappears.
Also, anxiety can be a side effect when consumed. Therefore, before using marijuana, it is important to pay attention to your worries, problems or moods. For example, if you are in a bad mood, it can turn into intoxication. Negative emotional states that become entrenched in a state of intoxication are also called “terrible trips”.

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