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The diluents in marijuana – how to identify them and what their risks are.

This text describes the most common impurities and diluents in marijuana, explains how to recognize them, and what risks they pose.

Breeders love to remove the very THC-rich resin layer by sieving. This dusty layer of pollen is then hidden and can be sold again on the black market as a visually high quality and heavy herb. This low-grade weed is unlikely to be recognized by the buyer.

Both cannabis and hashish are blended with various substances to improve quality and stretch. They range from grated hemp leaves, spices, fats and oils to shoe polish, sand, wax, sugar and hairspray, and products like brix.

Brix is ​​produced in the USA and Australia and is used exclusively to stretch cannabis flowers. It is a liquid in which hemp flowers are dipped after harvest and then dried. It is composed primarily of sugar, but also amino acids, hormones (including triacontanol, the growth hormone of green leaves), and liquid plastic that air-solidifies. Brix and other synthetic substances such as synthetic wax found in shoe polish, for example, are particularly harmful additives. Smoking produces carcinogens that should be avoided if inhaled. Some of these substances are especially harmful.

Likewise, burning organic matter (such as spices or herbs) produces carcinogenic substances. For example, smoking joints due to combustion products, especially tobacco smoked with it, is one of the most harmful forms of cannabis consumption.

There is a fundamental risk of silicosis when inhaling sand containing silica. It is a lung disease in which an inflammatory change in connective tissue occurs with scarring of the lungs. Bronchitis develops. This occupational disease occurs mainly in miners who inhale large quantities of sand containing quartz. However, even a heavy cannabis smoker cannot even come close to these amounts. Sand, finely crushed glass and similar substances irritate the lungs, but are only marginally harmful to health. Synthetic substances with which they are applied to the flower pose a great danger to inorganic substances, because the sand does not stick on its own.

Therefore, various fillers pose significant health risks and should be avoided anyway! The best protection is reliable sources or, if low quality is suspected, immediate disposal!

Exposure to pesticides.

Pesticide contamination of domestic grass has been discussed for a long time, but until now it has been dismissed as a myth. The Dutch government estimated in 2001 that at least 50% of cannabis producers in the Netherlands use pesticides. For some time, CannaResearch has been examining samples from cafes for pesticide residues, thus making a valuable contribution to health. The most common active ingredients are fluralaxil, propamocarb and abamectin.

Furalaxil, which is contained in the plant protection product Fongarid. It is a fungicide used to combat root and stem rot that enters the plant system through the leaves and roots. Therefore, such fungicides are also called “systemic fungicides”. It takes almost 50 days to halve the concentration of this pesticide in the tips of flowers, but it is also used shortly before harvest. It is noteworthy that in the Netherlands this active ingredient can only be used in ornamental plants and in horticulture. Since hemp is grown illegally, the Pest Control Act is of course not valid.

Propamocarb is found, among others, in Previcur N (Bayer). Like furalaxil, it is used against fungi that cause stem and root rot. It is also used to combat downy mildew (Plasmopara spp.). Only after 25 days, the concentration of the agent in the tips of the flowers is halved.

Abamectin is the active ingredient in Vertimec. This well-known insecticide is equally toxic. It is mainly used against spider mites, but is also effective against leaf miners and thrips.
All three pesticides can cause serious harm to human health!

Exposure to mold and bacteria.

In a study by Leiden University in the Netherlands, a microbiological study was conducted on ten samples from different cafes. All samples were contaminated with bacteria and / or mold to such an extent that the permissible limit values ​​for inhaled drugs (as defined by the European Pharmacopoeial Commission) were exceeded.
Some of the microbes found can produce toxins that are not completely destroyed by temperature, such as smoking cannabis, allowing them to enter the lungs. Such microbes and toxins can be especially dangerous for people with already weakened immune systems, such as those with AIDS or cancer. Aspergillus mold, which has been found among other things in samples, in the worst case leads to fatal pneumonia in immunologically compromised people.
The study also looked at two types of cannabis available in Dutch pharmacies. They showed only minimal traces of mold and bacteria, which were well below the relevant limit values. Accordingly, these varieties are recommended for medicinal use.

Summary and conclusion.

The extent and consequences of contamination of cannabis products are largely unexplored. However, there is a lot of evidence that hashish and herb stretching pose a serious health threat to consumers.

DHV criticizes the cannabis ban, which only leads to the black market and uncontrollable excesses. In a legal marketplace, control through food laws, etc., would be taken for granted.
DHV addresses various government agencies (for example, DHV’s open letter to the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) about herb):

  •  Analyze cannabis for impurities and determine the health risk!
  •  Make factual information available to consumers and help businesses accordingly!
  •  Create an opportunity for consumers to anonymously analyze cannabis for foreign substances and impurities (drug testing)!
  •  Create an opportunity for self-improvement for consumers!

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How to get cannabis seeds?

For cannabis growers, the idea of ​​finding seeds in their crops is terrible. In fact, however, propagating your seeds is an absolutely sane thing, no matter what kind of plant it is. If you want to be able to harvest vegetable raw materials again and again for a long period of time, it is logical to resort to plant reproduction mechanisms and free yourself from the constant purchase of seeds. But how to purposefully obtain your own cannabis seeds?

Why would you grow your own cannabis seeds?

Anyone who has successfully grown his favorite plant at least once will certainly regret if he can no longer reproduce it on his own, that is, at the expense of his own resources. This is especially true of the hemp plant, which has hundreds of varieties and even more phenotypes. Anyone who wants to practice truly sustainable cultivation of cannabis in terms of culture should in fact give up buying seeds regularly. So the seeds themselves are definitely worth making. Many people think that the hemp plant needs to be completely fertilized or that this happens automatically in the process, but this is not necessary. You just need to be very careful and pay special attention to cleanliness. You should even change your clothes before visiting the female plants.
Seed production requirements.

If you want to grow a particular cannabis strain and produce a basic supply of seeds for it, you will need at least one adult male cannabis plant of the desired strain. And, of course, you will need at least one female cannabis plant of the desired variety. It should flower for at least four weeks if you still want to harvest some of the usable hemp flowers despite producing seeds. If you are only going to produce seeds, you can also use the plant early in its flowering phase. Both plants are grown separately and not next to each other.

Removing pollen from male hemp flowers.

When the cannabis plants grow, you need to wait for the males to enter the flowering phase. After the pollen sacs have opened, one shoot and the pollen sac are carefully separated. You must completely avoid any vibration. You put the shoots in a dark paper bag, keep it closed, and shake it vigorously. If you then open the bag, you will see a layer of yellow-white pollen on dark paper. The sealed paper bag should now be tightly wrapped in one or more plastic bags to avoid inadvertent pollination.

Pollination of female hemp flowers.

There must be no wind for the targeted pollination of the female hemp plant to be possible. With a thin brush, you can remove pollen from the surface of the bag and apply it to a pre-selected branch of the flowering female. First of all, make sure that the white strands of the female flowers are covered in pollen. All the stages of work required here must be carried out with the utmost care, a steady hand is absolutely essential in such a matter. Now take a white stream and tie it around the shoot with fertilized flowers. After about a week, the pollen should grow together with the flower to avoid the risk of unintentional pollination of other plants. Once again, it’s important to be patient. The pods should be ripe soon.

Harvest homemade hemp seeds.

Determining when to harvest the seeds is really not difficult. Because the capsules burst at some point, and ripe seeds become clearly visible. You must harvest as soon as possible after the pods burst. Harvesting is also very simple: just tear off the shoots and the seeds will fall out. The seeds should then harden. This can take four weeks, but sometimes up to three months. However, this is important because it will prevent the growth of mold on the seeds. You now have ready-made cannabis seeds and can continue to grow your favorite cannabis strain for generations.

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Hemp paper

It’s fair to say that the origins of modern American hemp paper lie in Germany. After all, its inventor Georg Schlichten is a native of Germany.

After immigration to America from Germany, G.V. Schlichten settled in San Diego, California. Because of his passion for hemp, he brought the development of modern decor here. Before the advent of the Schlichten Decorticator, hemp production required an enormous workforce. For example, countless laborers painstakingly cleaned cannabis trunks with hand tools until the fibers were torn off, then used to process paper.

However, prior to that, the fibers had been milled for so long and were finally crushed to such an extent that they could be used. Due to the increased labor costs associated with hemp, the raw material was much less popular in the market than cotton for textiles or cellulose for paper. After it hit the market around 1840, pulp paper quickly became the cheapest option for papermaking, especially since deforestation of the nation’s forests did not entail labor costs. George Schlichten was well aware of these issues and therefore invested all his time and financial resources in finding solutions to these constraints.

In his patent application, which he filed in December 1916, he clearly stated his intention: “to allocate funds for fibers processed in such a way that will allow the raw materials (especially hemp and ramie) to be processed with minimum cost and economy.” Rami is another fiber that has been used by humans for a long time. The perennial species, also known as porcelain herb, belongs to the nettle family, even if it does not bring stinging properties. Like hemp, it grows into large stems. The possibilities of using ramies were also not exploited for a long time due to excessive wage costs.

Schlichten was convinced that his Decorticator made it possible to “make fiber production in these mills as easy as with any conventional grain.” But a look at the proportion of modern American cannabis agriculture reveals that while the number of cannabis farmers is growing rapidly, it compares to other commodities such as the 20 million hectares of corn harvested annually. American cannabis production was severely restricted by the controversial Marijuana Act of 1937, and has been trying to return to the United States ever since. Fortunately, the growth of American cannabis is not entirely dependent on national production. The ability to buy hemp fibers internationally is what makes “Made in America” ​​hemp paper possible today.

Recycled waste is another important raw material for hemp paper. If you look at the world’s most abundant hemp paper, you can technically say that it is 75 percent waste. But if you combine this waste paper with 25 percent hemp fiber, you have a quality end product, not garbage. Because in reality you are getting a high quality paper product that has much higher structural strength than pure recycled paper.

When mixed with recycled paper, hemp fibers take on a function similar to the metal rods in concrete: they provide stability and give the material strength. Due to its low strength, recycled paper is suitable for thinner printing paper, which limits the number of products that can be made from it.

While this unique formulation is responsible for the increased strength, the large differences in materials between hemp and regular wood fibers still make paper mills and printers resist experimenting with this material. Paper mills are reluctant to risk potential damage to their equipment by not performing as equipment specially designed for traditional wood fiber. Likewise, printers only have devices that are warranted only for certified wood fiber paper.

Choosing to use sustainable alternatives like hemp means high risk and low added value for companies that also lack the necessary passion and interest in the future of hemp as such. In addition, hemp paper is quite loose – the ink is absorbed very quickly. And even if at first glance this should not be a big problem, it will mean, for example, that printers must fine-tune their settings for special paper before each individual print job.

But in addition to the many print jobs on plain paper, shops usuallyThere is no time for high-quality prints on hemp paper or there is no special equipment for this. However, there is one company in Eugene, Oregon that has made additional investments: Hemp Press. “Most other printers avoid the risk that hemp components from peeling paper can damage or clog their high quality devices, which are not covered by the warranty. But thanks to our special processes, we manage to limit these side effects as much as possible.” Hemp Press owner Matthew Glayer has worked over the past five years to improve his company’s operational processes to the point where its customized packaging and prints leave the competition far behind, but since Hemp Press is currently the only exclusive hemp printers on the market, this does not seem surprising. While the printing industry suffered heavy losses due to digitization and numerous printing houses were closed, Hemp Press experienced steady growth from the outset, helped in large part by the legalization of the American cannabis industry. The Crutch Card is one of Hemp Press’s flagship products. Formally similar to an ordinary business card, the crutch cards are perforated so that they can be used to make filter tips out of hemp paper – attractive to those who move on their own. In the interest of consumers, crutch cards are produced in their own colors.

On the other hand, the planning and production of commercial hemp paper packaging for eco-friendly premium brands is one of the fastest growing segments in the Hemp Press business. The packaging designs are first cut to size on a laser cutter. Hemp Press manufactures packaging in various shapes and sizes – the sizes are ideally adapted to the respective customer requirements and can vary. From cosmetic jars for natural products to dropper bottles for CBD oil, to vaporizer capsules and boxes for turning goods, you can find everything in the range of packaging manufacturer Hemp Press.

Even if hemp paper packaging has yet to conquer the mainstream market, it offers unique opportunities for companies that also want to participate in the growth of the hemp industry. Every order that leaves Matt Gler’s print shop ends up sowing more hemp seeds for fiber use. For example, to get paper for 500 business cards, you would need to plant about 100 cannabis seeds. Thus, each business card creates a corresponding additional demand for hemp products in the global market, making the switch to hemp attractive to more and more farmers. The future of hemp paper depends a lot on whether companies decide in the future to sell their hemp products in hemp packaging.

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CBD hemp products for dogs and cats.

CBD hemp products for dogs and cats – why are more and more pet owners using them?

Hemp products are increasingly found in pet stores as treats, oil, hemp ointment, or hemp powder as a dietary supplement. However, many pet owners are unlikely to be aware of the great effects of cannabis.

What you need to know about hemp products before consuming them?

Hemp products are an excellent food supplement not only for humans, but also for our beloved four-legged friends. Especially if they discover a CBD ingredient. CBD, also known as cannabid, is one of the most important components of the cannabis plant. Now, many people are certainly wondering if cannabis can harm an animal: but CBD, unlike THC, is not psychoactive and in no way intoxicating.

How does CBD work?

To understand how CBD works, it’s important to know that humans and animals have an endocannabinoid system. He has an important task of maintaining the balance of the body.
The endocannabinoid system is equipped with receptors to which the active ingredient CBD binds and freely spreads its action in the body. CBD is full of vitamins and other beneficial nutrients, including:

  1. Omega 3-6.
  2. Zinc.
  3. Vitamin E.
  4. Carotenoids.
  5. Iron.
  6. Potassium.

Numerous studies have shown that taking CBD can stabilize or support chemical balance in the brain. If it fluctuates, depression or anxiety could be the possible consequences.

CBD is rich in vitamins, especially vitamins E. Vitamin E is an antioxidant vitamin, on the one hand, it protects cells, promotes new cell growth, and also removes harmful free radicals from the body.

When can you use CBD hemp products?

There are many possible uses. It is mainly used to relieve or prevent health problems. Whether psychologically or physically.
CBD has done well, especially in anxious and nervous dogs.

CBD has already been used for the following complaints.

  •  Anxiety, nervousness and fear.
  •  Loss of appetite.
  •  Indigestion.
  •  Signs of aging.
  •  Convulsions of all kinds.
  •  Arthrosis.
  •  Pain (especially of the musculoskeletal system).
  •  Inflammation.
  •  Skin problems.

CBD is also used to reduce pain-related signs of aging. Whether it is osteoarthritis, joint pain or deterioration in the quality of the coat. Research has shown that it can help with arthritis or epilepsy, just like in humans. After taking CBD, seizures were reduced by 75%. Pet owners love to seek alternative treatment options to avoid unnecessarily burdening their pet with medications.

CBD has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, so it can be applied to wounds and thus promote wound healing.

CBD is also a great travel companion on long journeys if your dog is uncomfortable. This will help your dog relax and calm down. Another benefit is the prevention of nausea.

Can a healthy animal consume CBD as well?

Of course, consuming CBD hemp products does not require any disease! It is often used as a pure oil supplement to support the immune system and metabolic processes. The animal’s body is optimally supported by daily supplements.

Hemp products are a clean source of energy, especially for athletic and active animals. Hemp products promote a fast and good metabolism, and the animal gets enough oxygen and energy.
According to user surveys, many pet owners also use CBD for grooming.

For example, CBD ointment is a super healthy and purely herbal alternative for paw care. Dogs’ paws are subjected to great stress every day. Whether in the winter on road salt, in the forest on uneven ground, or in a big city on asphalt and stone floors.
Avoiding regular paw care can lead to rupture due to pain in the four-legged friend.

At this stage, many will probably think that the ingredients of the ointment are secondary, the ointment is in contact only with the paws. However, it is often observed that animals subsequently lick their paws. When licked, the ingredients enter the body.

Hemp ointment is very suitable because it consists of purely natural substances.

Can You Give Your Pet Human CBD Products?

Therefore, if you want to do something good for your pet, you can use CBD products.

It should be noted here, however, that CBD products must be animal-friendly. Foods for humans and animals differ in composition.
CBD products distinguish between full spectrum products and CBD isolates.

Full Spectrum CBDs contain CBD terpenes that are not suitable for animals. This can lead to poisoning, especially in cats. On the other hand, CBD Isolate is pure CBD and is used for animal products. However, CBD supplementation does not replace a visit to the vet. It is also a good idea to discuss the intake with your veterinarian beforehand to determine the correct dosage. Overdose can cause nausea in the animal.